Demonym: Jalisciense Capital: Guadalajara Latitude: 20° 41' N Longitude: 103° 21' O Area: 78,599 km2 (30347 sq mi) Average height: 1,540m o.s.l. Weather: Most of the state has a temperate climate with humid summers which are tropical. Population 2010: 7.350.682 inhabitants. Political layout: 125 Municipalities Regions: 12 Coasts: 341,93 km (210 miles)
Jalisco is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District (Distrito Federal or DF), comprise the 32 states of Mexico.
It is also one of the most important states in Mexico, both due to the richness and fertility of the land as well as for its historical significance.
It is found on the western coast of Mexico, borders with Nayarit to the NW, Aguascalientes and Zacatecas to the N; to the NE with the state of Durango; Guanajuato and San Luis Potosí to the E and Colima and Michoacán to the South. The western coast is comprised of more than 200 miles of Pacific Ocean.
It is the land of the charros, the rodeos, palenques, mariachis, tequila and many of the traditions that the world associates with what's considered authentically Mexican. Jalisco awaits your visit and willing to prove why there are very many reasons for this Mexican pride: history, culture, beaches, cuisine and above all traditions.
The state's name derives from mixing three Nahuatl words: "xalli", that means sand, "ixtli", face or surface and placing the end of "co", as stated by Luis Cabrera in his Dictionary of Aztecanisms. The name, then, means, "On the surface of sand" or "in the sand dune".
For many centuries, until around 1836, Jalisco was written "Xalisco", where the initial "X" was a letter reflecting the phoneme "sh" from his original name in Nahuatl.
The capital city is Guadalajara, with a metropolitan area that includes the municipalities of Guadalajara, Juanacatlán, El Salto, Tlaquepaque, Tonalá, Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, Ixtlahuacán del Río and Zapopan, and is the second largest urban area of Mexico after the country's capital, Mexico City.