Top L: John Huston, Ava Gardner, Richard Burton and Deborah Kerr; Top R: Sue Lyon & Richard Burton; Bottom L: Sue Lyon; Bottom R: Richard Burton.
Even though John Huston had visited the town when it only had a few thousand souls in 1929 while navigating up the Pacific coast on one of his innumerable trips to his beloved Mexico, plus another time while scouting for locations for Typee (a movie he never shot), not much had changed when he came back in the early 1960s with a new movie project, "The Night of the Iguana", and a location for the set called Mismaloya, tipped off by a local entrepreneur.
The Night of the Iguana (1964) - HQ Trailer
It's hard to imagine, no matter how picturesque Puerto Vallarta and its beautiful beaches were, how did it ever come to their attention. I mean, yes, a small village can be interesting, but it was all very primitive, what was it, really, that lured them here and why did they end up staying so long, for decades?
The Night of the Iguana cast (Left to right): Sue Lyon, Richard Burton, Deborah Kerr and Ava Gardner
Part of the reason was its isolation, something that Liz Taylor must have enjoyed, she couldn't travel anywhere without being mobbed, on the other hand John Huston enjoyed that aspect too and the weather helped him with his emphysema in his later years.
L to R: George Hamilton, Nelly Wulff, Elizabeth Taylor & Guillermo Wulff at Las Palomas, Puerto Vallarta
How did they find Puerto Vallarta?
I think we could "blame" various personalities for this fateful discovery. One would be Huston himself and his love of "Ol' Mexico"; another would be Tennessee Williams and his short story which he placed in Acapulco in the 1940's; we must include Ray Stark who offered the movie project to Huston, and finally, and most importantly, Guillermo Wulff, a Mexico City engineer and local entrepreneur, who had many high level contacts within the Mexican Government, even friend of the Mexican President of the time and those that followed and an ambitious project of his.
He was interested in giving one of his real estate proyects, based in Mismaloya, some "Hollywood" Jet-set appeal, though in the end it would actually bankrupt him, but that's another story...
Tennessee Williams in Puerto Vallarta, he helped adapt parts of the script
In 1940 Tennessee Williams vacationed at Hotel Costa Verde outside Acapulco and his experiences became the basis for a short story he published in 1948, entitled "The Night of the Iguana". Most of Tennessee's plays are downers, exposing the less admirable qualities in human beings, in keeping with Williams’ own defeatist view of life and the world, this work was no exception.
The hotel featured hammocks slung outside screen doors and a private tropical beach surrounded by jungle forest. While he lodged there, Williams was surprised by the inertia and indifference the guests showed to all worldly events and even the Second World War, he blamed it on the relentless sun, heat and strong drinks.
Ray Stark & John Huston during "The Night of the Iguana" production
In 1962, Ray Stark, one of the most most influential men in Hollywood's film industry at the time, and one of John Huston's great friends, asked him if he was interested in make a movie adaptation of Williams' short story, which had already been a great success on Broadway as a theater play.
Stark must have considered him the obvious choice, Huston was at that time already well known as a guru of all things Mexico. With a few movies filmed on location in the country, including the 1948 "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre", one of Hollywood's first movies filmed outside the US, in Durango and Tampico.
John accepted immediately, on the one hand based on their friendship, the respect he felt for Ray's ideas and his respect for Tennessee Williams, on the other hand, it was another great opportunity to go to Mexico, something that he never said no to.
John made regular trips to Mexico, he always returned to Mexico because, as he said,“it's one of the countries I like best in the World”, so this project certainly was a perfect fit and it would also let him have a go on a stageplay by Tennessee Williams, whom he considered a genius capable of presenting complicated characters exceptionally well.
John Huston and Anthony Veiller wrote the screenplay and then it was a matter of finding where in Mexico to film it.
Ava Gardner with Mismaloya Beach as the background
That's what he was up to when he met Guillermo Wulff in Los Angeles, who, upon hearing about the project, immediately suggested Mismaloya, a beach south of Puerto Vallarta as the perfect place for his "The Night of the Iguana" movie.
He had recently obtained a concession from the Mexican President himself, Adolfo López Mateos, to develop a real estate project there.
Puerto Vallarta in Oct-Nov, 1963
Wulff's idea was to use the location for a classy tourist complex, once the film was a wrap. He offered Huston a cut in the profits in exchange for them investing a bit more on the set making it a bit more rugged and durable. This was an idea that in the end was to be catastrophic for the businessman (one side states they expected miracles on a impossibly short time schedule - the other side states the building was irresponsibly shabby). Huston talked it over with Ray Stark, they liked the idea and decided to visit the place.
Richard Burton and John Huston during production
In the early 1960's Puerto Vallarta was a small town of only fifteen thousand inhabitants, a quiet fisherman village with only one road connecting it to the rest of Mexico, and when it rained, it was impassable. The trip to Guadalajara took 16 hours, compared with the 4 hours of today. The best way to get there was by air.
Even though John Huston had visited Puerto Vallarta in the late 1920's, when the town had a few thousand inhabitants, he had not considered it for the project itself.
Top, downtown Puerto Vallarta shot from "The Night of the Iguana", bottom, same view from 2009
Mismaloya at the time was a perfect combination of pristine emerald water, soft clear sand beach with lush jungle right to the edge of the ocean, Huston compared it to the South Pacific islands.
As there were no roads to Mismaloya itself, access was by sea, something that certainly complicated things enormously, but Huston was used to that, he enjoyed adding an extra dose of realism to his movies, both by shooting on location and not in a studio and by placing people under duress, he knew this got the best out of them all (or was he just a sadist? reading biographies and books, you come to the conclusion he was not a nice guy at all). An attitude that has helped his movies better stand the test of time.
Mismaloya, 2012, set of the Night of the Iguana can be seen center top.
When choosing the cast Ray and John agreed that Richard Burton would be great for the role and that Deborah Kerr would be the intinerant artist in the play, Ava Gardner would be Maxine (role played by Bettie Davis in the stageplay on Broadway).
Burton and Kerr agreed to participate and Ava required a bit more work. Both Huston and Stark traveled to Madrid, Spain, where they stayed four nights wining and dining her, John couldn't stand the rhythm and bailed out in the start, it was Stark that did the job and in the end Ava finally agreed to participate.
Richard Burton 1963
The decision to use the Mismaloya location close to Puerto Vallarta and in Mexico, for "The Night of the Iguana" was, as Huston stated, because just as with the actors he chose, a real location improved a movie by creating a true and believable atmosphere: “The location, just like an actor, gives something to the picture, you know, envelops it in an atmosphere.”
The actors had agreed to film somewhere exotic, but none of them imagined just what Huston had in mind! A place where there were no telephones, roads, electricity, running water and full of iguanas, bugs and scorpions!
Set of The Night of the Iguana from the movie
One thing Stark and Huston disagreed upon was the movie being in black and white instead of color. Huston thought the vibrant colors of the jungle and surroundings would distract from the story. He later, in his autobiography, admits he made a mistake and color would have underscored the human yearnings and temptations within the story.
Anyway, having decided to film in black and white influenced the choice for Director of Cinematography for which he chose a pioneer from the Golden Age of Mexican movies, Gabriel Figueroa. “The cameraman is, of course, cast for the picture just the same as an actor would be,” said Huston. “You decide what you want on the screen and then go to the right man for that.” Figueroa's wonderful black and white cinematography also earned him an Academy Award nomination.
A meeting of so many celebrities, a famous director, producer, various top actors and actresses with their partners and lovers, many of them with previous relationships, all in a remote tropical location was an explosive combination that would surely brew a lot of juicy gossip and news. This became a media magnet right from the start.
Ava Gardner (left) and Deborah Kerr
The already famous John Huston on his 25th cinema production, with the presence of Tennessee Williams too, who came down for some consulting.
Hollywood's top paid celebrity Elizabeth Taylor & her lover, Richard Burton (both married to others at the time), arrived in Puerto Vallarta in the end of September 1963, after a stop in Mexico City where they were met by a swarming crowd, on September 22.
There a gun-toting, Emilio "El Indio" Fernández was to usher them to safety from the Beatlemania-like frenzy, but only got them to panic and Richard reportedly yelled "Get this maniac off the plane or I'll kill him!". Nobody had told him about Emilio and it was obvious, by his looks, he was a paid hitman ;-) or someone like that.
LIz Taylor, who at the time was still legally married to Eddie Fisher (Mr. Taylor #3), arrived accompanying her lover, Richard Burton (also known as Mr. Taylor #4, something that irritated him enormously) still married to his own Welsh wife, Sybil.
The assistant of Richard Burton's agent, Hugh French was Michael Wilding, better known as Mr. Taylor #2, and this was just one of the many inbred relationships this group dragged along to Vallarta.
Elizabeth Taylor, did not participate in "The Night of the Iguana"
All this made the movie a world gossip sensation even before it was filmed, and it was in the news more than any other production that year, this was simultaneously the genesis of Puerto Vallarta as a tourist destination.
Today something like that would not create much of a stir, but in 1963, it was a media bomb, and in Mexico, even more, where there were some that even called for the whole "degenerate" band to be thrown out, before they infected the place (as a scene in the movie). The following quote is from "Siempre", a local newspaper:
“our children of 10 to 15 are being introduced to sex, booze, drugs, vice, and carnal bestiality by the garbage from the United States: gangsters, nymphomaniacs, heroin-taking blondes.”
The local Catholic convent broke their vow of silence to protest Elizabeth Taylor's presence in the city, saying she was "living in sin" with Richard Burton (2010. Kashner, Schoenberger).
Even the Director was expecting trouble, so to "loosen" things up he gave gold plated Derringer pistols to Stark, Ava, Richard, Elizabeth, Deborah and Sue, each with 5 bullets engraved with the names of the other collaborators... or victims.
John Huston (back to the camera) presents (left to right) the gold plated Derringers to Ray Stark, Ava Gardner, Richard Burton, Elizabeth Taylor, Deborah Kerr and Sue Lyon.
The journalists were really excited, you couldn't ask for more and they came down in droves, so much that even John Huston ended up saying that there were more press journalists there than iguanas on the movie set.
But it all went fine, nobody used the guns, nobody was killed, nothing scandalous occurred. Everything went as “smooth as silk” as Huston commented.
The disappointed press, without something outrageous to write about, turned their attention to Puerto Vallarta for inspiration and this, John said, “was the beginning of its popularity, which was to be a mixed blessing."
Liz & Dick were the biggest celebrity couple of the XX Century, here with the child of a Vallartan friend, who the press said they had adopted.
The movie received four Oscar nominations, of which it won one, for Best Costume Design in a black-and-white film (Dorothy Jeakins). Other nominations included Greyson Hall, for Best Supporting Actress in her role as Judith Fellowes, Charlotte's chaperone, Stephen B. Grimes, for Best Art Direction in a black-and-white film and Gabriel Figueroa for Best Black-and-white Cinematography. Ava Gardner was also nominated for a Golden Globe and a BAFTA as best actress.
The movie did well in the box office though it was not a smash hit as were some of the previous movies by the director. This was something the studio owners already knew and was part of John Huston's career, the ups and downs. He always tried new things, took risks and never really followed a formula, he didn't take the easy road. He did add a happy ending to the movie though, something that many years later, when Huston once again met Williams, in London, the author brought up the subject of Puerto Vallarta and the movie and said, “I still don’t like the finish, John!".
Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton and Ava Gardner
After shooting the movie and having rented a home in Vallarta, in 1976, John Huston decided to install himself for some time in the rustic Las Caletas, within the Chacala Indian community south of a place called Boca de Tomatlan. He leased the land for ten years, with an option for 10 more years, and after that period both the land and anything he had built there would pass over to the Indian community.
Huston enjoyed the almost two decades he lived in Puerto Vallarta, you can read about it in his autobiography, An Open Book, published in 1980 where he recounts that among other things, the weather was very good for his health too.
John Huston enjoyed and needed the tropical weather due to his lung sickness in his later years.
Elizabeth and Richard (Liz & Dick, as they were called, which Richard detested) also love the place and stayed in town, their love blossomed, they really enjoyed themselves here, they were celebrities, but they were well respected and they could have a semblance of a normal life here.
Burton and Taylor on their ship the Kalizma
In this small town they enjoyed a freedom they couldn't other places, they could wander around town, go to the beach, sail around the bay, go to town and shop and live without being hounded by fans and press. They actually became part of the local community and participated with community work, donations and as voluntary promoters of the town, including a period in the 1980's when the town got a bad reputation of some drug crimes.
Dick Burton and Liz Taylor swimming in Puerto Vallarta
Richard Burton bought Liz the house they had initially rented on Calle Zaragoza "Casa Kimberley", which incidentally, Guillermo Wulff had built in 1957, a 9 bedroom villa in the area called Gringo Gulch, a few blocks up the hill from the main plaza. He also bought the villa across the street and Wulff built a bridge between the two villas, based on "The Bridge of Sighs" in Venice.
The couple, despite their extravagant life, diamonds, luxury, jet set, excesses purchased properties in Gstaad in Switzerland, Céligny in France, a home in Hampshire and the homes in Puerto Vallarta, but Vallarta was the place where Elizabeth Taylor would feel most at home.
The bridge between the Taylor and Burton villas
Huston, Taylor and Burton stayed connected with the city for many decades. The last one of them to visit the city was Elizabeth Taylor in 1999.
When Liz Taylor divorced Richard Burton, he came back with his new wife, Susan Hunt (ex-wife of the famous F1 driver), who has also kept in touch with friends and the city ever since.
John Huston sculpture on the Isla Cuale, unveiled on the 25th Anniversary of the movie in 1989.
A film festival was held in the city for many years and included prizes in their honor, the John Huston Award for best director, the Elizabeth Taylor award for best actress and the Richard Burton award for best actor.