Jalisco is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District (Distrito Federal or DF), comprise the 32 states of The United States of Mexico.
It is also one of the most important states in the Mexican Republic, both due to the richness and fertility of the land as well as its historical significance. The state is also the 4th most populated states and is one of the most important in economic significance, commerce and also culture.
Latitude: 20° 41' N
Longitude: 103° 21' O
Area: 78,599 km2 (30347 square miles)
Average height: 1,540m o.s.l.
|Weather: Most of the state has a temperate climate, humid summers which are tropical.
Population 2010: 7.350.682 inhabitants.
Political layout: 125 Municipalities
Coasts: 341,93 km (210 miles)
It is found on the western coast of Mexico, borders with Nayarit to the NW, Aguascalientes, and Zacatecas to the N; to the NE with the state of Durango; Guanajuato and San Luis Potosí to the E and Colima and Michoacán to the South. The western coast is comprised of more than 200 miles of Pacific Ocean.
It is the land of the charros, the rodeos, palenques, mariachis, tequila and many of the traditions that the world associates with what's considered authentically Mexican. Jalisco awaits your visit and willing to prove why there are very many reasons for this Mexican pride: history, culture, beaches, cuisine and above all, traditions.
When you say "Jalisco" you should think of "tequila" and the blue agave, you should think of "charreria & charros", mariachi music should come to mind too (the Mexican Hat dance come to mind too), traditions and selling points for Mexico all over the world, they are all from this state and represent the ethos & pride of this magnificent country. That's why it's safe to say thet Jalisco IS Mexico.
Jalisco is also the state where many famous artists were born, including José Clemente Orozco, Juan Rulfo, Juan José Arreola and hundreds of other artists, it's also a state with many artisans in clay, wrought iron and blown glass, the land of the Guachimontones (circular pyramids) in Teuchitlan, the wixárikas (huicholes) and their art in chaquira.
The state offers an impressive biodiversity and a variety of geological and geomorphic attractives, you'll find international tourist destinations like Puerto Vallarta, mountainous areas with volcanoes and snowy peaks (Nevado de Colima 4260 m high and Colima Volcano 3820 m high) , semidesertic areas, thick forests, lush jungles and the Lake Chapala, the largest in all of Mexico covering 1100 square km. The main rivers include: Bolaños, Lerma - Santiago, Verde Grande, Coahuayana, Armería and Ameca.
Jalisco is also very important from in the history of Mexico, it was the starting place for the conquest of the Philippines, was heavily involved in the abolition of slavery and key state in the development of Mexican Federalism. Pre-hispanic history included indigenous people like the nahua groups in the south and hicholes in the northern areas.
Jalisco's climate is very varied, the morphology of the state and the water masses (lake and ocean) account for this wide variety. You'll find arid climates to the north and northeast, temperate climate in the high parts of the Sierra Madre, semi warm climate in the central area and around Lake Chapala and warm humid climate along the coastal plain.
The state's name derives from mixing three Nahuatl words: "xalli", that means sand, "ixtli", face or surface and placing the end of "co", as stated by Luis Cabrera in his Dictionary of Aztecanisms. The name, then, means, "On the surface of sand" or "in the sand dune".
For many centuries, until around 1836, Jalisco was written "Xalisco", where the initial "X" was a letter reflecting the phoneme "sh" from his original name in Nahuatl.
The capital city is Guadalajara, with a metropolitan area that includes the municipalities of Guadalajara, Juanacatlán, El Salto, San Pedro de Tlaquepaque, Tonalá, Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, Ixtlahuacán de los Membrillos and Zapopan, and is the second largest urban area of Mexico after the country's capital, Mexico City. The largest cities in Jalisco are: Guadalajara Mexico, Zapopan, San Pedro de Tlaquepaque, Tonalá, Tlajomulco de Zuñiga, Puerto Vallarta, Lagos de Moreno, El Salto, Tepatitlan de Morelos, and Ciudad Guzman.
Major cities and Guadalajara are well connected by highways and roads to the rest of the country, among the main ones we can mention Guadalajara - Mazatlan - Nogales (in Baja California); Ciudad Juarez - Zacatecas - Lagos de Moreno - Oaxaca - Tapachula & Guadalajara - Mexico City - Veracruz.
The main harbor is Puerto Vallarta that connects the state's Pacific Coast with Manzanillo and Mazatlán. The two main International airports are located in Guadalajara and Puerto Vallarta with many important air routes that make this state an important airline hub.